Welcome to Indonesia!
Indonesia is a marvelous country, spread out over a vast part of South East Asia between the Indian and the Pacific oceans into Australia. Full of gorgeous long beaches, a tropical climate, wonderful natural locations and a rich cultural heritage, Indonesia has become one of the world’s premier tourist hot spots.
There are about 300 ethnicities in Indonesia, a multicultural archipelagic country with a diversity of languages, culture, and religious beliefs. Whether you are interested in scuba diving through colourful reefs, spotting thousands of species of animals and plants, trekking up mountains and over national parks, shopping in big cities, and enjoying traditional delicious cuisine, Indonesia might just be the best place in Asia to visit! It has more than 17000 islands, just over half of which are inhabited. About 150 islands are actually active volcanoes.
|Official Name||:||Republic of Indonesia|
|Location||:||Indonesia is a transcontinental country, located mainly in Southeast Asia with some territories in Oceania. Situated in between the Indian and the Pacific oceans, it is world’s largest island country with more than 17,000 islands.|
|Goverment||:||Unitary presidential constitutional republic|
|Time Zone||:||Indonesia West GMT +07.00, Indonesia Central & Bali GMT +08.00, Indonesia Eastern GMT +09.00|
|Land Area||:||1,904,569 km2|
|Currency||:||Indonesian Rupiah (Rp)|
|Foreign Currency Accepted||:||USD ($), EUR (€), British Pounds (£) and all major currencies|
|Entry requirement||:||EU citizens and (total of 169 countries) do not require a visa up to 30 days and not extendable but 68 countries (from same list of 169 countries) may apply visa on arrival for a length of 30 days may extendable once for another 30 days at designated entry points by paying US$35.|
All visitors must hold a passport with at least two blank pages valid for at least 06 months beyond the date of your arrival. If your passport does not meet these requirements, you will be denied entry.
|Health Tips||:||Mosquito and insect borne illnesses that must be considered: Dengue fever, Rabies|
Indonesia is a Southeast Asian nation made up of thousands of islands, is home to hundreds of ethnic groups speaking more than 700 different languages and dialects. It’s known for pristine beaches, stunning islands with most beautiful coral reefs, active volcanoes, Komodo dragons and jungles sheltering elephants, orangutans and tigers. Indonesia is also home for the world’s largest flower, only grows on Sumatra. On the island of Java lies Indonesia’s vibrant, sprawling capital, Jakarta, and the city of Yogyakarta, known for gamelan music and traditional puppetry.
Indonesia has a total of 17,508 islands, of which about 6,000 are inhabited. It extends 5,150km between the Australian and Asian continental mainland and divides the Pacific and Indian Oceans at the Equator. With a total land area of 1,919,443 sq. kilometers, Indonesia has five main islands. These are Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Irian Jaya. It is located mainly in Southeast Asia with some territories in Oceania. Situated between the Indian and Pacific oceans. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia. Other neighboring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and the Indian territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Indonesia is the world’s largest island country, world’s 14th-largest country in terms of land area and world’s 7th-largest country in terms of combined sea and land area. It has an estimated population of over 264 million people and is the world’s fourth most populous country, the most populous Austronesian nation, as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country. The world’s most populous island, Java, contains more than half of the country’s population. Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support the world’s second highest level of biodiversity. The country has abundant natural resources like oil and natural gas, tin, copper and gold.
Bali, Lombok & Gili islands
Bali is a paradise that feels like fantasy! It is an island (140Km by 80Km) and province of Indonesia. It is located at the westernmost end of the Lesser Sunda Islands, between Java to the west and Lombok to the east. Its capital, Denpasar, is located in the southern part of the island. With a population of 4.5 million the island is home to most of Indonesia’s Hindu minority. 85% of Bali’s population adhered to Balinese Hinduism. Bali is part of the Coral Triangle, the area with the highest biodiversity of marine species. In this area alone over 500 reef building coral species can be found. For comparison, this is about 7 times as many as in the entire Caribbean. Bali is the home of the Subak Irrigation System, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Daily life on Bali is culturally linked to satisfying and appeasing the Gods, in the midst of breathtaking panoramas of cultivated rice terraces, impressive volcanoes and pristine beaches. This is one of the world’s most popular island destinations and one which consistently wins travel awards. Bali has something to offer a very broad market of visitors from young back-packers right through to the super-rich.
Lombok is an island in West Nusa Tenggara province administered by the Governor of the West Nusa Tenggara province, Indonesia. It forms part of the chain of the Lesser Sunda islands which has a total of 27 islands. Lombok and Bali are separated by the Lombok Strait.
With beautiful beaches, enchanting waterfalls, the large looming volcano ofMount Rinjani combined with relatively few tourists, Lombok is indeed the paradisiacal tropical island that many people still mistakenly imagine Bali to be now. the natural landscape and the traditional way of life have remained unchanged for hundreds of years.
The Gili islands are an archipelago of three small islands — Gili Trawangan, Gili Meno and Gili Air — just off the northwest coast of Lombok, Indonesia. These islands are a popular tourist destination. Scuba diving and freediving in and around the Gili is also popular due to the abundance of marine life and attractive coral formations. Most famous diving spots are Shark point, Manta point and Simon’s reef.
Compare to France, Indonesia is 5:0 hours ahead of France.
That means when it is 8:00 am in Paris France, it is 1:00 pm in Jakarta, Indonesia.
Please note that Daylight Saving Time (DST) / Summer Time is taken into account for the calculation of hour difference.
When to visit
Best time to go to Indonesia really just depends on you and where you travel. Being located near the equator the country does have a pretty even climate with two long seasons. Very roughly, in much of the country, November to April are the wet months (Jan and Feb the wettest) and May through to October are dry. However, in northern Sumatra, this pattern is effectively reversed. The peak tourist season, the best time to visit, is between mid-June and mid-September, dry but not humid and again over the Christmas and New Year season. If you are heading to Bali alone, take your pick, the weather is ideal year around, June to September will allow you optimum island hopping. temperatures at sea level always between 21˚C and 33˚C, although cooler in the mountains. Law season in Java, Bali, Lombok and Kalimantan is October – April. In Papua, it is dry season and best for diving.
Money and currency
US$1 = Rp 13200.00 (currency rate can be varied depending the day you search)
Euro€1 = Rp 15250.94
Indonesia Currency is called Rupiah (IDR; symbol Rp), the largest banknote is Rp 100,000, which may only about US$ 08 but is still inconveniently large for most purchases. Next in the series are Rp 50,000, Rp 20,000, Rp 10,000, Rp 5,000, Rp 2,000 and finally Rp 1,000. Coins are in denominations of Rp1.000, 500, 100. Bill size is the easiest way to distinguish them, as the designs — all pale pastel shades of yellow, green and brown. Although there should be no difficulty exchanging major currencies in the main tourist centers, problems may occur in rural areas. The easiest currency to exchange is the US Dollar.
If you bring American Dollars (US$) to Indonesia, please kindly note that series number with CB and DB code are not accepted. Year making is lowest than 2005 are not accepted. Money where there is its streak / illegally written / in a state of tearing / its picture in looked to be turn tail is not accepted.
Majority of credit cards are accepted by most of the hotels including the bars, restaurants and shops in major cities in Indonesia. American Express, MasterCard, Visa, Diners Club, HSBC, Standard Chartered and Eurocard are widely accepted in Jakarta and other cities in Indonesia. In more remote areas, it is best to carry cash in small denominations. ATMs are available in towns.
Limited merchant acceptance but can be easily exchanged at banks and larger hotels. To avoid additional exchange rate charges, travelers are advised to take traveler’s cheques in US Dollars or Pounds Sterling. American Express are more widely accepted.
Banking hours – Mon – Fri 08.00am – 03.00pm and Sat, Sun & public holidays are closed.
In Indonesia, the power sockets are of type C and F. The standard voltage is 230 V and the standard frequency is 50 Hz. You can use your electric appliances in Indonesia, if the standard voltage in your country is in between 220 – 240 V (as is in the UK, Europe, Australia and most of Asia and Africa). If the standard voltage in your country is in the range of 100 V – 127 V (as is in the US, Canada and most South American countries), you need a voltage converter in Indonesia. Your need for a power plug adapter depends on the power plugs used in your own country.
Telephone and how to call
Indonesia country code +62 and Jakarta city code is 21. the city or area code to Bali is 361 (Kuta/Seminyak, Jimbaran, Nusa Dua, Sanur, and Ubud).
Fixed – 7 to 11 digits, including area code
Cell phones – 9 to 11 digits, first digit is 8
In order to be able to use the 4G connections in Indonesia, you must use 4G-ready smartphones. XL Axiata, Bolt, Telkomsel and Indosat are the most popular mobile operators in Indonesia.
169 countries including EU citizens do not require a visa to enter Indonesia for up to 30 days.
You will need a passport with two blank pages valid for at least six months. If your passport does not meet these requirements, you will be denied entry into Indonesia.
In addition, nationals of 68 countries (from the list of 169 countries) may apply for a Visa on Arrival for a length of stay of 30 days at designated entry points by paying US$35. Such visa may be extended once for another 30 days.
Vaccines and Travel insurance
The generally recommend vaccinations for Indonesia for the standard tourist include cover against Malaria, Hepatitis A, Typhoid, Tetanus and Poliomyelitis. Travellers planning a more rural or extensive trip may need to consider taking cover against diseases like Hepatitis B, Japanese B Encephalitis, Rabies. Mosquitos are common and recommend to take mosquito repellants.
How to go to Indonesia
France to Indonesia
Non-stop flight time from Paris to Jakarta is around 15 hours 25 minutes. Fastest one-stop flight between Paris and Jakarta takes close to 16 hours. However, some airlines could take as long as 37 hours based on the stopover destination and waiting duration.
Non-stop flight time from Paris to Bali is around 16 hours 30 minutes. Fastest one-stop flight between Paris and Bali takes close to 17 hours. However, some airlines could take as long as 42 hours based on the stopover destination and waiting duration.
Airlines operated from Paris to Jakarta
Garuda Indonesia, Thai Airways, Air France
Airlines operated from Paris to Bali
Emirates, Air France, Royal Thai Airways, Qatar Airways, Etihad Airways, Singapore Airlines
Transportation in Indonesia
Indonesia’s transport system has been shaped over time by the economic resource base of an archipelago with thousands of islands, and the distribution of its more than 200 million people highly concentrated on a single island, Java. Traffic has become a characteristic of Jakarta. The Jakarta Mass Rapid Transit(Jakarta MRT) is a rapid transit system that currently is under construction in Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia. The rail-based Jakarta MRT is expected to stretch across over 108Km with 13 stations. The railway system in Indonesia has four unconnected networks in Java and Sumatra primarily dedicated to transport bulk commodities and long-distance passenger traffic.
By ojek or in a motorbike taxi
Ojek are motorbike taxis. Drivers wait on busy street corners. Negotiate the price first before you start the journey. You can also have online motorbike taxis such as Gojek, Grab & Uber. These mobile App (Android, SO) based motor bicycle taxi services are very popular in Indonesia. They are reliable and cheaper.
You can find traditional taxi services such as Blue Bird and Express at every corner of main streets, shopping malls and other big cities but rates are little higher than online taxis. It is a metre based taxi which you can follow whilst travelling. Taxi colours in Indonesia are blue or white. If you are looking for luxury and comfort switch in to Silver bird taxis and if travel with groups there are luxurious coaches available on request. Online Taxi services Uber Gojek and Grab offer ride services that can be cheaper (under US$22) for eight hours driving around town. Order and manage your rides through their apps. Tolls and parking fees are extra.
Indonesia has one of the best App based taxi services in the world which is remarkably cheap.
The Transjakarta Busway system has sped up city travel in recent years. It was the first Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system in Southern and Southeast Asia. This system was introduced to help reduce rush hour traffic in Capital city.
Due to the nature of Indonesia’s geography, traveling by plane may be the easiest option. There are 186 airports with paved runways in Indonesia, making a large number of domestic flights possible each day. The Soekarno-Hatta International Airport in Jakarta is Indonesia’s largest airport and one of the busiest airports in the world. Other busy international airports include Juanda International Airport, located outside of Surabaya, and Ngurah Rai International Airport, located 13 kilometers outside of Denpasar in Bali.
Transportation in Bali
Recommend to use a metre taxi in Bali They are often a lot less hassle. Taxis are fairly cheap. Do not use a taxi if the driver won’t use a metre. Always rely on mobile App based taxis. You can download Bluebird, Uber, Go-jek and Grab Taxi Apps on your mobiles.
Special food and drinks
Indonesian cuisine is one of the most vibrant and colourful cuisines in the world, full of intense flavours. It is diverse, in part because Indonesia is made with approximately 6,000 populated islands of the total 17,000 plus in the world’s largest archipelago, with more than 300 ethnic groups living together. Many regional cuisines exist, often based upon indigenous culture and foreign influences. Indonesia has around 5,350 traditional recipes.
A typical Indonesian meal consists of steamed rice and one or two main dishes made of fish, meat, chicken or vegetables, sometimes including soup, all of which are served together. A common side dish is sambal. A popular Indonesian dish is satay served with peanut sauce, ketupat, cucumber and onions. Other popular food are Soto ayam, tahu telur, otak otak, nasi goreng, gado gado and krupuks. Pork is hardly eaten because most Indonesians are Muslims, their religion prohibits eating pork.
In Indonesia the drinks of choice are tea and coffee, both of which come in numerous varieties and can be served very sweet. Juices are also popular and in the right season are freshly squeezed. Numerous juices exist including orange, guava, mango, avocado, and coconut milk. You also can taste a young coconut which is full Vitamin B & potassium, the coconut water and its sweet flesh will quench your thrust and hunger.
Desserts often consists of tropical fruits such as starfruit, mango, mangos teen, rambutan, durian and jackfruit. Indonesian desserts are often made from glutinous rice flour, palm sugar and coconut milk. Some favorites are kueh lapis, bubur hitam and es campur.
Places to go and things to do
Indonesia is a country rich with bio diversity. It consists with 17,000 plus magnificent islands, many which are unexplored. A land gifted with pristine beaches, exotic water villas on serene islands, quasi-active volcanoes, vibrant tribes and their cultural ethos. This is not about a fascinating dream but about the fairytale like Indonesian landscapes.
Gili Island, Lombok
Fringed by white sand beaches and blue water, the complex of three small and isolated islands namely Gili Trawangan, Gili Meno and Gili Air bears unique scenic appeal. One of the most beautiful romantic places in the world. Best for snorkeling, diving, fishing, and surfing.
Raja Ampath Island, West Papua
Comprises with more than 1500 islands. Famous with its forested islands, sizzling beaches, and marshy lagoons, small atolls looking like mushrooms and shining turquoise water makes the place a perfect delight for travelers. The area is rich in marine flora and fauna diversity including rare species of corals. Kayaking, snorkeling, underwater and experience the raw nature.
A place that really needs no introduction, Bali has long been a mecca for travellers’ eager to sample the mysterious east. Check out the jungle shrouded town of Ubud in the heart of the regency, a place of cascading rice paddies and crumbling Hindu shrines. Go north to the great volcanos of Kintamani, to watch the sunrise over Lombok isle in the east.
Similar is density and size to neighboring Bali. Lombok has developed as one of the main tourist destinations. Lombok is too one of the best surfing spots worldwide and Mount Rinjani is an active volcano situated in Lombok which is a must visit.
Nestled between the great Buddhist rises of Borobudur – perhaps Indo’s best-known UNESCO site – and the rising volcanic domes of Central Java, it’s a place steeped in heritage.
Borobudur is the largest Buddhist temple in the world
Perhaps the single most famous UNESCO World Heritage Site in all of Indonesia Borobudur boasts 2672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues. This awesome 8th-century wonder still reigns as the largest Buddhist site on the globe. Colossal stupas carved from graphite-hued stone tower overhead, mysterious reliefs depicting old Buddhist tales mark the rocks in front.
Kelimutu Lake, Nusa Tenggara Timur
Kelimutu Lake is a league apart, and certainly one of the most visited places in Indonesia. Kelimutu is a collective term given to three crater lakes formed by the volcano of the same name. Though situated on the same volcanic peak, three lakes display three different colors – red, blue and white. You can go for trekking, and explore beautiful landscapes.
Lake Toba, (largest volcanic lake in the world), North Sumatra
Lake Toba is thought to be the collapsed caldera of an ancient super-volcano that erupted 70,000 years ago. The eruption is the largest known explosive eruption on earth for the past 25 million years. The Toba Catastrophe Theory suggests it killed most living creatures at that time. The lake is roughly 100 kilometers long, 30 kilometers wide, and up to 505 meters deep.
Bunaken Marine Park, North Sulawesi
Bunaken Sea Park located in the northern stretch of Sulawesi is rich in marine flora and fauna. The sight of numerous exotic and endangered fish species present in the crystal-clear water have increased the tourist density of the area. Absolutely great place for snorkeling and diving.
Komodo National Park, Nusa Tenggara Timur
Close to Timor Leste, the Komodo island is home to one of the most fascinating creatures on earth, Komodo dragon. It is the largest lizard in the world. The dragon is native to Indonesia and these islands are the only place where they can be found living in the wild. Komodo national park is a protected site in Indonesia.
This is an active volcano on Mount Lombok. It is the second highest volcano of Indonesia after Mount Kerinci in Sumatra. The hilly landscape is dominated by the Crater Lake called Segara Anak, which has a natural hot spring in it. This is a good place for group hiking.
This is one of the stunning beaches of Indonesia located along the western coast of south Sumbawa Island with a magnificent view of the mountains. With changing colors of sun rays, the waves also look vibrant and magical. It is great place for sun bathing and wave surfing.
Torojaland, South Sulawesi
The highland region known as Torajaland, located at southern Sulawesi is the home of Toraja tribe. Torajan people are well-known for their culture, tradition, rituals and high peaked-roof houses called Tongkonan. Their unique pattern makes it a distinct and beautiful place in Indonesia..
Mount Bromo is a volcano in active state. The top of the Bromo forms a crater which emits white smoke at regular intervals. A part of the Bromo is Tengger Semeru National Park, this volcano is fringed by sea of volcanic sand.
With an area of 743,330 Km2, it is the third-largest island in the world, and is the largest island of Asia. The Borneo rainforest is estimated to be around 140 million years old, making it one of the oldest rainforests in the world. It is an important refuge for many endemic forest species, including the Borneo elephant, the eastern Sumatran rhinoceros, the Bornean clouded leopard, the hose’s palm civet and the Dayak fruit bat. Borneo has significant cave systems. Deer Cave is home to over three million bats, with guano accumulated to over 100 meters deep. There are about 15,000 species of flowering plants with 3,000 species of trees (267 species are dipterocarps), 221 species of terrestrial mammals and 420 species of resident birds in Borneo. There are about 440 freshwater fish species in Borneo.